>> HOMEPAGE

Aids Research

Vitamins in HIV disease progression and vertical transmission.

Epidemiology; VOL: 9 (4); p. 457-66

Fawzi WW; Hunter DJ

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is a major public health problem worldwide, but particularly in subsaharan Africa and Asia. Numerous observational studies report inverse associations between vitamin status, measured biochemically or as levels of dietary intake, and the risk of disease progression or vertical transmission. Evidence to support these findings has been obtained from a few randomized placebo-controlled trials. In this paper, we review studies that examined the role of vitamins A, B, C, D, and E in HIV disease progression and transmission, and we discuss the potential mechanisms of action of these vitamins. Adequate vitamin intake leads to enhancement of epithelial integrity and systemic immunity and could contribute to improved clinical condition among HIV-infected subjects and reduce vertical transmission by reducing the risk and severity of opportunistic infection and reducing viral load in blood. Adequate vitamin status may also reduce vertical transmission through the intrapartum and breastfeeding routes by reducing HIV viral load in lower genital secretions and breast milk, respectively. Vitamin supplements may be one of a few potential treatments that are inexpensive enough to be made available to HIV-infected persons in developing countries.

Sitemap

Was ist neu:

Klinische Studie zeigt, dass ergänzendes Magnesium eine Alternative zu Antidepressiva sein könnte

Wie die Billionen schwere Pharmaindustrie ihre Studienergebnisse frisiert

Andreas Vesalius – der Entdecker der Anatomie

Neue Meta-Analyse verknüpft Darmkrebs mit niedrigen Gehalten an Vitamin E

Unsere Verantwortung für die Schaffung einer Welt der Gesundheit, des Friedens und der sozialen Gerechtigkeit

Neue Studie würdigt die Rolle von Vitamin C bei der Reduktion von herzkreislaufbedingter Sterblichkeit

Mehr Kranke bitte! – Abrechnungsbetrügerei mit System

» Natürliche Gesundheit

» "Geschäft m. d. Krankheit"

» Internationale Kampagne

» Dr. Raths Offene Briefe

» Studien weltweit

» Studien auf Deutsch

» Helfen Sie mit!

» Codex Alimentarius

» Dossiers

» Sitemap

Dr. Rath Health Foundation auf Facebook Dr. Rath Health Foundation auf YouTube Dr. Rath Health Foundation auf Twitter RSS
 © 2017 Dr. Rath Health Foundation | Kontakt | Impressum | RSS Feed