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Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS)

Dr Rath discusses the motives behind the SARS public health information campaign and details the reasons why the WHO are in part to blame for this epidemic. Read the full information.

The Virus That Causes SARS

The following information is extracted from the book "Virus Taxonomy - Classification and Nomenclature of Viruses", the Seventh Report of the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses and describes the viral causes of SARS.

Read online.

The effects of Dr. Rath's public health information campaign

All viruses are susceptible to natural ingredients, particularly vitamin C and lysine. Vitamin C inhibits the replication of the virus and lysine is essential for blocking the spread of the virus through the connective tissue.

All viruses are susceptible to this prevention and treatment programme and there are currently no studies showing that any virus will not respond to this regime. The only scientifically-based health recommendation currently available to contain the SARS epidemic is high dose vitamin C and lysine therapy.

References to the scientific studies that attest to these findings are given below.

 

Documents

Uptake of Ascorbic Acid by Leukocytes
Ulrich Moser
Department of Vitamin and Nutrition Research, F. Hoffmann-La Roche

Vitamin C, Volume II
C. Alan, B. Clemetson

Vitamin C in the Prevention of Viral Diseases

Vitamin C and common cold incidence: a review of studies with subjects under heavy physical stress.
Hemila H
International Journal of Sports Medicine 1996 Jul;17(5):379-83

Interrelation of vitamin C, infection, haemostatic factors, and cardiovascular disease.
Khaw KT; Woodhouse P
British Medical Journal 1995 Jun 17;310(6994):1559-63

Micronutrient malnutrition, infection, and immunity: an overview.
Bhaskaram P
Nutritional Review 2002 May;60(5 Pt 2):S40-5

Effects of vitamin E and C supplementation on oxidative stress and viral load in HIV-infected subjects.
Allard JP; Aghdassi E; Chau J; Tam C; Kovacs CM; Salit IE; Walmsley SL
AIDS 1998 Sep 10;12(13):1653-9

Plasma ascorbic acid and beta-carotene levels in women evaluated for HPV infection, smoking, and cervix dysplasia.
Basu J; Palan PR; Vermund SH; Goldberg GL; Burk RD; Romney SL
Cancer Detect Prev 1991;15(3):165-70

Comparative study of the anti-HIV activities of ascorbate and thiol-containing reducing agents in chronically HIV-infected cells.
Am J Clin Nutr 1991 Dec;54(6 Suppl):1231S-1235S
Harakeh S; Jariwalla RJ

Suppression of human immunodeficiency virus replication by ascorbate in chronically and acutely infected cells.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 1990 Sep;87(18):7245-9
Harakeh S; Jariwalla RJ; Pauling L Viral Carcinogenesis, Laboratory, Linus Pauling Institute of Science and Medicine, Palo Alto, CA 94306.

Increased uptake and accumulation of vitamin C in human immunodeficiency virus 1-infected hematopoietic cell lines.
J Biol Chem 1997 Feb 28;272(9):5814-20
Rivas CI; Vera JC; Guaiquil VH; Velasquez FV; Borquez-Ojeda OA; Carcamo JG; Concha II; Golde DW Program in Molecular Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York 10021, USA.

Effects of vitamin E and C supplementation on oxidative stress and viral load in HIV-infected subjects.
AIDS 1998 Sep 10;12(13):1653-9
Allard JP; Aghdassi E; Chau J; Tam C; Kovacs CM; Salit IE; Walmsley SL Department of Medicine, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

The Effect of Ascorbic Acid Suplementation on some Parameters of the Human Immunological Defence System

Virus interference. I. The interferon

Enhancement of Random Migration and Chemotactic Response of Human Leukocytes by Ascorbic Acid

The determination of ascorbic acid in white blood cells (1961)

Blood ascorbic acid level in bioflavonoid and ascorbic acid therapy of common cold

Vitamin C and the common cold: a double-blind trial

The effects of ascorbic acid and flavonoids on the occurence of symptoms normally

Ascorbic acid and the common cold

Vitamin C and the common cold

Blood ascorbic level in bioflavonoid and ascorbic acid therapy of common cold

Usefulness of bioflavonoids and ascorbic acid in treatment of common cold

The effects of increasing weekly doses of ascorbate on certain cellular and humoral
immune functions in normal volunteers

Daily vitamin C consumption and reported respiratory findings

Inhibition of histamine-induced airway constriction by asorbic acid

Vitamin C for prophylaxis of viral hepatitis B in transfused patients

German: Hepatitistherapie mit Ascorbinsäureinfusionen

Vitamin C and immunity: an assessment of the evidence

Vitamin C and immunity: Natural Killer (NK) Cell Factor

Vitamin C, interferon and the immune response

The relationship between ascorbic acid and phagocytic activity

Modulation of certain immunologic responses by vitamin C

Ascorbate-mediated stimulation of neutrophill motility and lymphocyte transformation by inhibition of the peroxidase halide system in vitro and in vivo

Vitamin C and Immunity:Influence of ascorbate on prostaglandin E2 synthesis and implications for natural killer cell activity


Ascorbic acid and the production of antibody in the guinea-pig

Role of vitamin C in resistance

Other Micronutrients in the Prevention of Viral Diseases

Plasmin-Induced Proteolysis and the Role of Apoprotein(a), Lysine, and Synthetic Lysine Analogs
Matthias Rath M.D. and Linus Pauling Ph.D.

Vitamin A supplements and diarrheal and respiratory tract infections among children in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.
Fawzi WW; Mbise R; Spiegelman D; Fataki M; Hertzmark E; Ndossi G
J Pediatr 2000 Nov;137(5):660-7

High-level dietary vitamin A enhances T-helper type 2 cytokine production and secretory immunoglobulin A response to influenza A virus infection in BALB/c mice.
Cui D; Moldoveanu Z; Stephensen CB
Journal of Nutrition 2000 May;130(5):1132-9

Serum vitamin A and beta-carotene levels in children with recurrent acute respiratory infections and diarrhoea in Malatya.
Kucukbay H; Yakinci C; Kucukbay FZ; Turgut M
Journal of Tropical Pediatry 1997 Dec;43(6):337-40

Dietary vitamin A intake and the incidence of diarrhea and respiratory infection among Sudanese children.
Fawzi WW; Herrera MG; Willett WC; Nestel P; el Amin A; Mohamed KA
Journal of Nutrition 1995 May;125(5):1211-21

The use of the Multi-Tabs vitamin and mineral complex to prevent influenza
Kononenko VV; Rudenko AO; Vasylenko LH; Myronenko AH
Lik Sprava 1998 May;(3):107-9

Micronutrient concentrations in the HIV wasting syndrome.
Coodley GO; Coodley MK; Nelson HD; Loveless MO
AIDS 1993 Dec;7(12):1595-600

Respiratory infections reduce the growth response to vitamin A supplementation in a randomized controlled trial.
Hadi H; Stoltzfus RJ; Moulton LH; Dibley MJ; West KP
International Journal of Epidemiology 1999 Oct;28(5):874-81

Micronutrients and the pathogenesis of human immunodeficiency virus infection.
Semba RD; Tang AM
British Journal of Nutrition 1999 Mar;81(3):181-9

Malnutrition et deficit immunitaire chez l'enfant. [Malnutrition and immunodeficiency in children]
Leke L; Saygili A; Vural M; Risbourg B
Arch Pediatr 1996 Jul;3(7):705-13

Micronutrient profiles in HIV-1-infected heterosexual adults.
Skurnick JH; Bogden JD; Baker H; Kemp FW; Sheffet A; Quattrone G; Louria DB
J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr Hum Retrovirol 1996 May 1;12(1):75-83

Micronutrient levels in HIV-1-infected children.
Periquet BA; Jammes NM; Lambert WE; Tricoire J; Moussa MM; Garcia J; Ghisolfi J; Thouvenot J
AIDS 1995 Aug;9(8):887-93

Randomised trial of effects of vitamin supplements on pregnancy outcomes and T cell counts in HIV-1-infected women in Tanzania.
Fawzi WW; Msamanga GI; Spiegelman D; Urassa EJ; McGrath N; Mwakagile D; Antelman G; Mbise R; Herrera G; Kapiga S; Willett W; Hunter DJ
Lancet 1998 May 16;351(9114):1477-82

Nutrition and immune function in human immunodeficiency virus infection.
Macallan DC
Proc Nutr Soc 1999 Aug;58(3):743-8

Viral characteristics of human papillomavirus infection and antioxidant levels as risk factors for cervical dysplasia.
Ho GY; Palan PR; Basu J; Romney SL; Kadish AS; Mikhail M; Wassertheil-Smoller S; Runowicz C; Burk RD
Int J Cancer 1998 Nov 23;78(5):594-9

Nourishing the HIV-infected adult.
Rakower D; Galvin TA
Holist Nurs Pract 1989 Aug;3(4):26-37

Vitamin A as an anti-infective agent

Micronutrients Improving General Immune Function

Effects of high dose vitamin C treatment on Helicobacter pylori infection and total vitamin C concentration in gastric juice.
Jarosz M; Dzieniszewski J; Dabrowska-Ufniarz E; Wartanowicz M; Ziemlanski S; Reed PI
European Journal of Cancer Prevention 1998 Dec;7(6):449-54

A to Z: vitamin A and zinc, the miracle duo.
Molina EL; Patel JA
Indian Journal of Pediatrics 1996 Jul-Aug;63(4):427-31

Effect of vitamin A deficiency on the early response to experimental Pseudomonas keratitis.
Twining SS; Zhou X; Schulte DP; Wilson PM; Fish B; Moulder J
Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 1996 Mar;37(4):511-22

Lymphocyte subpopulations in children with vitamin D deficient rickets.
Yener E; Coker C; Cura A; Keskinoglu A; Mir S
Acta Paediatr Jpn 1995 Aug;37(4):500-2

Vitamin A deficiency predisposes to Staphylococcus aureus infection.
Wiedermann U; Tarkowski A; Bremell T; Hanson LA; Kahu H; Dahlgren UI
Infect Immun 1996 Jan;64(1):209-14

Lymphocyte subpopulations in children with vitamin D deficient rickets.
Yener E; Coker C; Cura A; Keskinoglu A; Mir S
Acta Paediatr Jpn 1995 Aug;37(4):500-2

Vitamin A supplementation improves macrophage function and bacterial clearance during experimental salmonella infection.
Hatchigian EA; Santos JI; Broitman SA; Vitale JJ
Proceddings of the Society of Experimental Biology and Medicine 1989 May;191(1):47-54

Iron deficiency in the tropics.
Fleming AF
Clin Haematol 1982 Jun;11(2):365-88

A health and nutritional profile of rural school children in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.
Jinabhai CC; Taylor M; Coutsoudis A; Coovadia HM; Tomkins AM; Sullivan KR
Ann Trop Paediatr 2001 Mar;21(1):50-8

Nutritional requirements in parasitic diseases.
Calloway DH
Rev Infect Dis 1982 Jul-Aug;4(4):891-5

Vitamin E status, glutathione peroxidase activity and the effect of vitamin E supplementation in children with thalassemia.
Suthutvoravut U; Hathirat P; Sirichakwal P; Sasanakul W; Tassaneeyakul A; Feungpean B
J Med Assoc Thai 1993 Oct;76 Suppl 2:146-52

Anemia in pregnancy in rural Tanzania: associations with micronutrients status and infections.
Hinderaker SG; Olsen BE; Lie RT; Bergsjo PB; Gasheka P; Bondevik GT; Ulvik R; Kvale G
Eur Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2002 Mar;56(3):192-9

Micronutrient deficiencies in the preterm neonate.
Powers HJ
Proc Nutr Soc 1993 Aug;52(2):285-91

Effect of vitamin and trace-element supplementation on immune responses and infection in elderly subjects.
Chandra RK
Lancet 1992 Nov 7;340(8828):1124-7

Micronutrients and infectious diseases: thoughts on integration of mechanistic approaches into micronutrient research.
Taylor CE; Higgs ES
Journal of Infectious Diseases 2000 Sep;182 Suppl 1:S1-4

Serum concentration of micronutrients in relation to schistosomiasis and indicators of infection: a cross-sectional study among rural Zimbabwean schoolchildren.
Friis H; Ndhlovu P; Kaondera K; Sandstrom B; Michaelsen KF; Vennervald BJ; Christensen NO
European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 1996 Jun;50(6):386-91

Micronutriments et infections virales tropicales: un aspect du complexe pathogene en medecine tropicale. [Micronutrients and tropical viral infections: one aspect of pathogenic complexity in tropical medicine]
Malvy D
Med Trop (Mars) 1999;59(4 Pt 2):442-8

A health and nutritional profile of rural school children in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.
Jinabhai CC; Taylor M; Coutsoudis A; Coovadia HM; Tomkins AM; Sullivan KR
Ann Trop Paediatr 2001 Mar;21(1):50-8

Efficacy of a multi-micronutrient dietary intervention based on haemoglobin, hair zinc concentrations, and selected functional outcomes in rural Malawian children
Yeudall F; Gibson RS; Kayira C; Umar E
European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2002 Dec;56(12):1176-85

Micronutrient antioxidants in gastric mucosa and serum in patients with gastritis and gastric ulcer: does Helicobacter pylori infection affect the mucosal levels?
Nair S; Norkus EP; Hertan H; Pitchumoni CS
Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology 2000 Jun;30(4):381-5

Predictors of micronutrient status among six- to twelve-month-old breast-fed Ghanaian infants.
Lartey A; Manu A; Brown KH; Dewey KG
Journal of Nutrition 2000 Feb;130(2):199-207

Infectious Diseases
Cunningham-Rundles S; Ahrn S; Abuav-Nussbaum R; Dnistrian A
Nutritional Review 2002 May;60(5 Pt 2):S68-72

Micronutrient supplementation and immune function in the elderly.
High KP
Clin Infect Dis 1999 Apr;28(4):717-22

The health and nutritional status of schoolchildren in Africa: evidence from school-based health programmes in Ghana and Tanzania. The Partnership for Child Development.
Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 1998 May-Jun;92(3):254-61

Etiology of anemia in pregnancy in south Malawi.
van den Broek NR; Letsky EA
American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2000 Jul;72(1 Suppl):247S-256S

Malnutrition, morbidity and mortality in children and their mothers.
Tomkins A
Proceedings of the Nutritional Society 2000 Feb;59(1):135-46

Effektivnost' vitamina E i selenita natriia pri eksperimental'ni distrofii pecheni. [Efficacy of vitamin E and sodium selenite in experimental hepatic dystrophy]
Skakun NP; Nesterovich Ia M
Farmakol Toksikol 1977 Jul-Aug;40(4):434-8

Vitamin B12 and hepatitis C: molecular biology and human pathology.
Lott WB; Takyar SS; Tuppen J; Crawford DH; Harrison M; Sloots TP; Gowans EJ
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2001 Apr 24;98(9):4916-21

Vitamin E as treatment for chronic hepatitis B: results of a randomized controlled pilot trial.
Andreone P; Fiorino S; Cursaro C; Gramenzi A; Margotti M; Di Giammarino L; Biselli M; Miniero R; Gasbarrini G; Bernardi M
Antiviral Res 2001 Feb;49(2):75-81

Vitamin E improves the aminotransferase status of patients suffering from viral hepatitis C:
a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study.von Herbay A; Stahl W; Niederau C; Sies H Free Radic Res 1997 Dec;27(6):599-605

Primenenie vodorastvorimykh vitaminov pri virusnom gepatite A. [The use of water-soluble vitamins in viral hepatitis A]
Komar VI; Vasil'ev VS
Klin Med (Mosk) 1992 Jan;70(1):73-5

Nutrients and HIV: part three - N-acetylcysteine, alpha-lipoic acid, L-glutamine, and L-carnitine.
Altern Med Rev 2000 Aug;5(4):290-305
Patrick L

Results of an open study for evaluating the effectiveness and tolerance of adjuvant administration of the ISF nutrient program in HIV positive patients. [Ergebnisse einer offenen Studie zur Evaluierung von Wirksamkeit und Vertraglichkeit der adjuvanten Zufuhr des ISF-Nahrstoffprogramms bei HIV-positiven Patienten.]
Wien Med Wochenschr 1996;146(18):483-93
Fuchs N; Markolin G; Kuklinski B; Jager R; Zelch N; Gurh I; Schicka G; Neumann K BioPan Zeitgemasse Ernahrung GmbH & Co KG, Mariapfarr, Osterreich.

Micronutrients and HIV-1 disease progression.
AIDS 1995 Sep;9(9):1051-6
Baum MK; Shor-Posner G; Lu Y; Rosner B; Sauberlich HE; Fletcher MA; Szapocznik J; Eisdorfer C; Buring JE; Hennekens CH Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Miami School of Medicine, Florida 33101, USA.

Status of selected nutrients and progression of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 infection.
Am J Clin Nutr 2000 Sep;72(3):809-15
Bogden JD; Kemp FW; Han S; Li W; Bruening K; Denny T; Oleske JM; Lloyd J; Baker H; Perez G; Kloser P; Skurnick J; Louria DB Department of Preventive Medicine and Community Health, the University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey-New Jersey Medical School, Newark.bogden@umdnj.edu.

Ascorbate effect on cytokine stimulation of HIV production.
Nutrition 1995 Sep-Oct;11(5 Suppl):684-7
Harakeh S; Jariwalla RJ Virology and Immunodeficiency Research Program, Linus Pauling Institute of Science and Medicine, Palo Alto, California 94306, USA.

Comparative study of the anti-HIV activities of ascorbate and thiol-containing reducing agents in chronically HIV-infected cells.
Am J Clin Nutr 1991 Dec;54(6 Suppl):1231S-1235S
Harakeh S; Jariwalla RJ Viral Carcinogenesis Laboratory, Linus Pauling Institute of Science and Medicine, Palo Alto, CA 94306.

Virological and immunological effects of antioxidant treatment in patients with HIV infection.
Eur J Clin Invest 2000 Oct;30(10):905-14
Muller F; Svardal AM; Nordoy I; Berge RK; Aukrust P; Froland SS University of Oslo, The National Hospital, Rikshospitalet, Oslo, Norway. fredrik.muller@labmed.uio.no.

Vitamin supplements may delay AIDS.
Treatmentupdate 1998 Apr;10(2):4-5

Effects of trace metal compounds on HIV-1 reverse transcriptase:
an in vitro study

Biol Trace Elem Res 1999 May;68(2):107-19
Rivas CI; Vera JC; Guaiquil VH; Velasquez FV; Borquez-Ojeda OA; Carcamo JG; Concha II; Golde DW Program in Molecular Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York 10021, USA.

Micronutrients and the patogenesis of human immunodeficiency virus infection
Br J Nutr 1999 Mar;81(3):181-9
Semba RD; Tang AM Department of Ophthalmology, School of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, USA. rdsemba@welchlink.welch.jhu.edu.

Vitamin A deficiency and the acute phase response among HIV-1-infected and -uninfected women in Kenya.
J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 2002 Oct 1;31(2):243-9
Baeten JM; McClelland RS; Richardson BA; Bankson DD; Lavreys L; Wener MH; Overbaugh J; Mandaliya K; Ndinya-Achola JO; Bwayo JJ; Kreiss JK Department of Epidemiology, University of Washington, Seattle 98104-2499, USA. jbaeten@u.washington.edu.

L-arginine: a therapeutic option for AIDS/HIV infection?
Med Hypotheses 1992 Jul;38(3):236-9
Wrightham MN; Cann AJ; Sewell HF Department of Immunology, University Hospital, Queen's Medical Centre, Nottingham, UK.

Effects of micronutrient intake on survival in human immunodeficiency virus type 1 infection.
Am J Epidemiol 1996 Jun 15;143(12):1244-56
Tang AM; Graham NM; Saah AJ Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins University, School of Hygiene and Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA.

Vitamin E supplementation and in vivo immune response in healthy elderly subjects. A randomized controlled trial.
JAMA 1997 May 7;277(17):1380-6
Meydani SN; Meydani M; Blumberg JB; Leka LS; Siber G; Loszewski R; Thompson C; Pedrosa MC; Diamond RD; Stollar BD Nutritional Immunology Laboratory, Jean Mayer USDA Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging at Tufts University, Boston, MA 02111, USA. SvMeydanivIM@HNRC.TUFTS.EDU.

The effect of antenatal vitamin A and beta-carotene supplementation on gut integrity of infants of HIV-infected South African women.
J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 2001 Apr;32(4):464-70
Filteau SM; Rollins NC; Coutsoudis A; Sullivan KR; Willumsen JF; Tomkins AM Centre for International Child Health, Institute of Child Health, London, United Kingdom. sfilteau@ich.ucl.ac.uk.

The effects of vitamin A supplementation on the morbidity of children born to HIV-infected women.
Am J Public Health 1995 Aug;85(8 Pt 1):1076-81
Coutsoudis A; Bobat RA; Coovadia HM; Kuhn L; Tsai WY; Stein ZA Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, University of Natal, Durban, South Africa.

Increased glutathione cycling and vitamin E of P. falciparum infected erythrocytes fail to prevent spontaneous haemolysis.
Indian J Biochem Biophys 1994 Dec;31(6):476-9
Mohan K; Dubey ML; Ganguly NK; Nain CK; Mahajan RC Department of Parasitology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education & Research, Chandigarh, India.

Impact of massive dose of vitamin A given to preschool children with acute diarrhoea on subsequent respiratory and diarrhoeal morbidity.
BMJ 1994 Nov 26;309(6966):1404-7
Bhandari N; Bhan MK; Sazawal S Department of Paediatrics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi.

Vitamin/mineral supplementation, the aging immune response, and risk of infection.
Nutr Rev 1993 Apr;51(4):106-9
Meydani SN USDA Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging, Tufts University, Boston, MA 02111.

Protective effects of the glutathione redox cycle and vitamin E on cultured fibroblasts infected by Mycoplasma pneumoniae.
Infect Immun 1986 Apr;52(1):240-4
Almagor M; Kahane I; Gilon C; Yatziv S

An Association Between Helicobacter pylori Infection and Serum Vitamin B12 Levels in Healthy Adults [In Process Citation]
J Clin Gastroenterol 2003 Feb;36(2):130-3
Shuval-Sudai O; Granot E

Relation among micronutrient intakes with CD4 count in HIV infected patients
Nutr Hosp 2002 Nov-Dec;17(6):285-9
de Luis DA; Bachiller P; Aller R; de Luis J; Izaola O; Terroba MC; Cuellar L; Gonzalez Sagrado M Seccion de Endocrinologia y Nutricion Clinica, Unidad de Apoyo a la Investigacion, Hospital Rio Hortega, Valladolid. dadluis@yahoo.es.

Effect of multivitamin and vitamin A supplements on weight gain during pregnancy among HIV-1-infected women.
Am J Clin Nutr 2002 Nov;76(5):1082-90
Villamor E; Msamanga G; Spiegelman D; Antelman G; Peterson KE; Hunter DJ; Fawzi WW Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA. evillamo@hsph.harvard.edu.

Vitamins and immunomodulation in AIDS.
Nutrition 1996 Jan;12(1):1-7
Liang B; Chung S; Araghiniknam M; Lane LC; Watson RR Department of Family and Community Medicine, University of Arizona, Tucson 85724, USA.

Infant mortality and maternal vitamin A deficiency during human immunodeficiency virus infection.
Clin Infect Dis 1995 Oct;21(4):966-72
Semba RD; Miotti PG; Chiphangwi JD; Liomba G; Yang LP; Saah AJ; Dallabetta GA; Hoover DR Department of Ophthalmology, Johns Hopkins Schools of Medicine and Hygiene and Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, USA.

Increased mortality associated with vitamin A deficiency during human immunodeficiency virus type 1 infection.
Archives of Internal Medicine 1993 Sep 27;153(18):2149-54
Semba RD; Graham NM; Caiaffa WT; Margolick JB; Clement L; Vlahov D Dana Center for Preventive Ophthalmology, Wilmer Institute, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD.

Antioxidant vitamins and immunodeficiency.
International Journal of Vitamin and Nutrition Research 1996;66(2):141-5
Mastroiacovo P; Ajassa C; Berardelli G; Bruni R; Catania N; Fidanza A; Pace V; Zanzoglous S Institute of General Physiology, La Sapienza University, Rome, Italy.

Vitamin B-12 abnormalities in HIV-infected patients.
European Journal of Haematology 1991 Jul;47(1):60-4
Remacha AF; Riera A; Cadafalch J; Gimferrer E Hematology Department, Hospital de la Santa Creu i Sant Pau, Barcelona, Spain.

Micronutriments et infections virales tropicales: un aspect du complexe pathogene en medecine tropicale. [Micronutrients and tropical viral infections: one aspect of pathogenic complexity in tropical medicine]
Med Trop (Mars) 1999;59(4 Pt 2):442-8
Malvy D Centre Rene Labusquiere/INSERM 330, Universite Victor Segalen Bordeaux 2, France. crldess@crl.u-bordeaux2.fr.

Vitamin A for preventing secondary infections in children with measles--a systematic review.
D'Souza RM; D'Souza R
J Trop Pediatr 2002 Apr;48(2):72-7

[Gunstige effecten van vitamine A bij mazeleninfectie.]
de Meer K; Roord JJ
Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd 2000 Feb 5;144(6):287-8

Micronutriments et infections virales tropicales: un aspect du complexe pathogene en medecine tropicale. [Micronutrients and tropical viral infections: one aspect of pathogenic complexity in tropical medicine]
Malvy D
Med Trop (Mars) 1999;59(4 Pt 2):442-8

Vitamin A for preventing secondary infections in children with measles--a systematic review.
D'Souza RM; D'Souza R
J Trop Pediatr 2002 Apr;48(2):72-7

Routine high-dose vitamin A therapy for children hospitalized with measles.
Hussey GD; Klein M
J Trop Pediatr 1993 Dec;39(6):342-5

Measles severity and serum retinol (vitamin A) concentration among children in the United States.
Butler JC; Havens PL; Sowell AL; Huff DL; Peterson DE; Day SE; Chusid MJ; Bennin RA; Circo R; Davis JP
Pediatrics 1993 Jun;91(6):1176-81

Measles severity and serum retinol (vitamin A) concentration among children in the United States.
Butler JC; Havens PL; Sowell AL; Huff DL; Peterson DE; Day SE; Chusid MJ; Bennin RA; Circo R; Davis JP
Pediatrics 1993 Jun;91(6):1176-81

The efficacy of oral vitamin A supplementation for measles and respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection
Kawasaki Y; Hosoya M; Katayose M; Suzuki H
Kansenshogaku Zasshi 1999 Feb;73(2):104-9

Vitamin A supplementation and child mortality. A meta-analysis.
Fawzi WW; Chalmers TC; Herrera MG; Mosteller F
JAMA 1993 Feb 17;269(7):898-903

Childhood mortality after a high dose of vitamin A in a high risk population.
Daulaire NM; Starbuck ES; Houston RM; Church MS; Stukel TA; Pandey MR
BMJ 1992 Jan 25;304(6821):207-10

A randomized, controlled trial of vitamin A in children with severe measles.
Hussey GD; Klein M
N Engl J Med 1990 Jul 19;323(3):160-4

A randomized, controlled trial of vitamin A in children with severe measles.
Hussey GD; Klein M
N Engl J Med 1990 Jul 19;323(3):160-4

Recommendations for vitamin A supplementation
Ross DA
J Nutr 2002 Sep;132(9 Suppl):2902S-2906S

Vitamin A supplementation: implications for morbidity and mortality in children.
Villamor E; Fawzi WW
J Infect Dis 2000 Sep;182 Suppl 1:S122-33

Killing and lysis of gram-negative bacteria through the synergistic effect of hydrogen peroxide, ascorbic acid, and lysozyme

The relation of vitamin c to bacterial infection

Effect of mega doses of vitamin C on bactericidal ativity of leukocytes (1977)

Effect of mega doses of vitamin C on bactericidal ativity of leukocytes

Acorbic acid and immunity: III The effect of ascorbic acid upon the bactericidal action of human blood

Ascorbic acid and immunity: The relation of ascorbic acid to human complement

Vitamin C and immunity

Single nutrients and immunity

Diet, nutrition and infection

The use of citrus flavonoids in infections. II

The influence of purulent infection on the development of experimental scurvy

The relation of vitamin C deficiency to intestinal tuberculosis in the guinea pig

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Aufsichtsbehörden der Brüsseler EU ignorieren unverhohlen die Giftwirkungen von Pestizid-Cocktails in Nahrungsmitteln

Internationales Tribunal bezichtigt Monsanto des ›Ökozids‹

Wer weiß, was das Beste für Ihre Kinder ist? Sie? Oder die Regierung?

Daueranwendung von Antibiotika kann Darmkrebs-Risiko erhöhen

Niedergang der Brüsseler EU rückt näher

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