Micronutrient deficiencies in the preterm neonate.
Proc Nutr Soc 1993 Aug;52(2):285-91
The nutrition of the premature
infant poses a critically important challenge to clinicians. Premature
infants are a heterogeneous group; maternal status, gestational age, drug
intake, respiratory distress, phototherapy, and infection all conspire
to make it extremely unlikely that a recommendation for daily intakes
will satisfactorily encompass all babies. Clinical and subclinical deficiencies
evidently do occur, and the impact of nutrient imbalance may have serious
implications for outcome. If advances in clinical practice mean
enhanced survival rates of babies of very small gestational age, then
it is of vital importance that we work to establish the most appropriate
regimens for vitamin and mineral intakes in this group.