Nutrition in leprosy: a review.
Foster RL; Sanchez AL; Stuyvesant W; Foster FN; Small C; Lau BH
Int J Lepr Other Mycobact Dis 1988 Mar;56(1):66-81
relating diet to leprosy is abundant between 1900 and 1960, peaking around
1940. Dietary factors that appear to influence the etiopathogenesis of
Hansen's disease include: vitamin A, vitamin B group, vitamin C, vitamin
D, vitamin E, calcium, and zinc. We noted a frequent lack of detailed
dietary data in much of the literature cited. This is particularly true
when the thrust of the investigation is not dietary. The literature strongly
suggests the beneficial influence of adequate diet on the outcome of Hansen's
disease and the deleterious effect of a deficient diet. In contrast with
the paucity of reported hard data in the previous reviews concerned with
the effect of nutrition and diet on leprosy, is the increasing volume
of literature reviews and experimental studies showing the profound impact
of nutrition and diet on the immune system of man and laboratory animals.
That diet has a global, if poorly understood, effect on the immune system
is being increasingly recognized. The difficult question that remains
is how to use this information in the control and prevention of disease.
Therefore, we believe that more emphasis should be given to diet in the
study of this important worldwide disease in light of the current understanding
of biochemistry and immunology.